Especially in the beginning, it is advised to take with you more than you need, because you never know, when more will become just enough. The amounts of objects taken strongly depend on the length, difficulty, and duration of your trip.
Essentials of each backpacker are:
- water (the amount depends on the length and difficulty of your trip),
- food (take lightweight food with high caloric density to save up some space (nuts, cereal, dry fruit, and energy bars),
- first aid kit (bandages, tape, disinfection liquid, plasters, scissors, painkillers, gauzes…)
- Accessories (swiss army knife, (head) flashlight with spare batteries, a lighter or matches, a compass, and a map)
- Spare clothing
- Wallet with documents, and enough of cash ( some places don’t accept cards)
- Sleeping bag and a tent if journey lasts more than a day
My backpack is full, what should I wear then?
The outfit strongly depends on three things: the destination, the time of the year, and your experience. If you are in the beginning stage taking more is always the solution. The environment is tricky, therefore, sun, snow, and rain in one day are a completely possible scenario.
During walking, your body should not feel overheated, therefore wearing “active” underwear which fits your body well is recommended. In addition, it also fits your body, which could prevent being stuck in branches or rocks. Avoid using cotton materials because it is cold and slowly eliminates body moisture and causes odor. In addition, woolen or synthetic socks protect you better against the blisters when wet.
In addition, your outfit should be designed in an “onion principle” (many different layers) where each of the layers has its purpose (sweat and body temperature regulation, rain protection, wind protection, and cold protection). Always take each layer off or on gradually in order to prevent the overheating or overcooling your body.
Shoes have to be tested before planning a longer route to the mountains in order to see whether they fit well with our legs and feet. If not, they could cause blisters and other uncomfortable injuries. A tip for selecting the appropriate shoe is to try them on with the same socks used in trekking as this will immediately show whether the shoe fits you correctly. Generally, the recommended type of shoe for the mountains has a shape of a boot, protecting the ankle in case of a slide. It should also be breathable and waterproof in order to prevent our feet to get sweaty and cold. The sole of the shoe should have a badge “Vibram” which makes the walk more comfortable.
Trekking dress-code essentials:
- Hiking boots, thick socks,
- outdoor pants,
- fast-drying underwear and shirt,
- middle layer fleece shirt,
- softshell or hardshell jacket,
- gloves and sunglasses.